edisicon.jpg (16857 Byte) edistitel.jpg (40898 Byte)
Hotlinks to information about insects and related themes
   
  GART-Logo.gif (28621 Byte) Internet Links on Lepidoptera (esp. Butterflies) GART-Logo.gif (28621 Byte)
   
The links and URLs listed below are for convenience of information only and do not imply that the sites, their content or the individuals and organisations responsible for them are endorsed or approved by the GART project.
   
This list is not meant to be inclusive, and any omission of further relevant sites does not imply disapproval or neglect on purpose of such sites by the GART project team. If any person or organisation should object to see their internet site listed below, please, contact Joachim Holstein. We also welcome any suggestions to include further relevant links in this list, as well as general comments on this compilation
   
- Regional Fauna:

Europe
Palearctic
Asia Minor, Middle East
North America

- Phylogeny and Systematics
- Biology and Ecology
- On single groups, genera, species
- Pictorials and observation data
- Museums, Institutions and Projects
- Insect Collections: Lists of Type Material, Regional Collections
- Entomological Societies and Organizations
- Entomological Journals
- Entomological Libraries
- Lists of Internet Links on Lepidoptera

Unless otherwise mentioned the pages are in English.

Regional Fauna

Regional and national faunal lists, treatments of the Lepidoptera of countries and continents.

Europe  up to the headline

Lepidoptera of Sweden. An updated version of the Catalogus Lepidopterorum Sueciae (Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of Sweden) can be downloaded at http://www.nrm.se/en/catalogus.html.se

Lepidoptera of Sweden. Includes the annual national reports "Remarkable records of Macro/Microlepidoptera in Sweden" from 1993 onwards and annual migration reports from 1995 onwards as well as many individual observations
http://www.fcom.se/butter.htm

Lepidoptera of Finland. Includes synonymy, images of most species and small world distribution maps. The species list is under construction and will eventually include the world fauna. By Markku Savela
http://www.funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/life/insecta/lepidoptera/

Lepidoptera of Finland. Includes a checklist of the Macrolepidoptera
http://www.netti.fi/~avanto/

Observations of moths and butterflies in Finland.
http://www.dlc.fi/~peterpa/lepi/perhonen.htm

Suffolk Moths
http://www.btinternet.com/~Tony.Prichard/index.html

Sesiidae of Belgium. Includes list of species, low-quality images and flight period diagrams
http://users.skynet.be/bs663526/sesiid/seslist.htm

Dutch Butterfly WWW Pages. Butterflies of the Benelux countries. Includes list of species, brief texts for each species, and the plates from 'Dagvlinders van de Benelux' (1990) by Irma Wynhoff, Jan van der Made and Chris van Swaay.
http://cal044202.student.utwente.nl/~johan/

Lepidoptera of the Niederrheinisches Tiefland (Lower Rhine Plain, Germany/Netherlands). Includes general information and checklists (under construction) [German]
http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/Lab/4938/index.htm

Butterflies of Poland. Includes some general information, a species list of Papilionoidea, brief information low-quality figures and distribution maps (UTM 10 x 10 km-grid) of all species [English / Polish]
http://www.insectclopedia.com/

Butterflies of Andorra. Includes a species list of Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea and Zygaenidae [Catalan]
http://www.emporion.net/papallones/andorra.htm

Butterflies of Catalonia (Spain). Includes a species list and (low-quality) figures of the Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea [English / Catalan]
http://www.emporion.net/museu/index.htm

Mapping European Butterflies by O. Kudrna
http://home.t-online.de/home/Kudrna.meb/index.htm

Butterflies of the Maltese Islands by P. Sammut. Includes a list of species and is being supplemented with text and photos for each species.
http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/1153/

Sesiidae of Europe. Includes checklist and some low-quality images
http://users.skynet.be/bs663526/sesiid/ses/eurlist.htm


Palearctic  up to the headline

Dubatolov, V. V. (1996): A list of the Arctiinae of the territory of the former USSR (Lepidoptera, Arctiidae). In: Dubatolov, V.V. Three contribution to the knowledge of palearctiic Arctiinae. Neue Entomologische Nachrichten, 37: 39-87. (WITH SOME NEW ADDITIONS!)
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Cyprus/4397/arctiinae.htm


Asia Minor, Middle East  up to the headline

Butterflies and hawkmoths of Israel. Includes a regionalized species list and a facility for online-recording of butterfly observations
http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/1153/index.html


North America  up to the headline

Lepidoptera Inventories in the Continental United States. By Jerry A. Powell, 1993 (a survey of state and local inventories of Lepidoptera in the USA)
http://biology.usgs.gov/s+t/noframe/f069.htm

Butterflies of North America. Includes images (of varying quality) and distribution maps (on county basis), also checklists for counties of all Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea species.
http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/distr/lepid/bflyusa/bflyusa.htm
(Opler, Paul A., Harry Pavulaan, and Ray E. Stanford (coordinators). 1995. Butterflies of North America. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Home Page. )

Checklist of Michigan butterflies and skippers. By Morgens C. Nielsen (from Newsletter of the Mich. Ent. Soc., March 1992)
http://insects.ummz.lsa.umich.edu/fauna/mibutterflies.html

Butterflies and moths of Quebec
http://hermes.ulaval.ca/~residjos/index.htm

Moths of North America. Includes images (of varying quality) and distribution maps (on county basis), also checklists for counties for all Sphingidae, Oecophoridae, Saturniidae, Drepanidae (incl. Thyatirinae), Notodontidae and some Noctuidae (Heliothinae) species and for states for some Noctuidae subfamilies (Catocalinae, Hadeninae, Noctuinae).
http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/distr/lepid/moths/mothsusa.htm

Sphinx Moths (Family Sphingidae) In British Columbia: Biological Notes and Field Key, Based on Specimens in the Collection at the Royal British Columbia Museum by C. Borkent and L. Greenway
http://rbcm1.rbcm.gov.bc.ca/nh_papers/sphinxmoths/sphinx.html

Caterpillars of Pacific Northwest Forests and Woodlands by J. C. Miller
http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/2000/catnw/catnw.htm#contents

The North American Butterfly Association. Includes lists of sightings, conservation issues and various topics. For butterfly watchers and photographers. No scientific names used.
http://naba.org/


Phylogeny and Systematics  up to the headline

Tree of Life web pages (www.tolweb.org) with the butterfly part at at www.tolweb.org/papilionoidea (by Andrew Brower) and www.tolweb.org/hesperiidae (by Andrew Brower and Andrew Warren).

Lepidoptera Classification (down to subfamilies). By John Heppner (1998)
http://www.troplep.org/lepclass.htm

Molecular Phylogeny of the Tribe Melitaeini. By N. Wahlberg, M. Zimmermann & H. Descimon
http://www.helsinki.fi/science/metapop/phylogeny.html

Heliconius and Ithomiinae research. By James Mallet and his research group (information on speciation, genetics, and evolution of butterflies and moths)
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/taxome/jim/

Los Heliconiini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) de Venezuela. By Keith S. Brown, Jr. & F. Fernández Yépez. Illustrated.
http://redpav-fpolar.info.ve/entomol/v03/0304b001.html#figs_94_95


Biology and Ecology  up to the headline
Butterfly / moth - Hostplant relationships, behaviour, migration

Costa Rica caterpillar hostplant and parasitoid database
http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu:591/database.htm

A simple caterpillar hostplant database of the Natural History Musum London (in preparation)
http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/hostplants/

"On the wings of freedom". Butterfly and moth information for children, with video sequences [English / German / Chinese traditional / Chinese simplified]
http://library.thinkquest.org/C002251/index2.shtml

Migration reports from the British Isles
http://www.insectline.co.uk/

Migration reports from the British Isles
http://www.geocities.com/Yosemite/Meadows/3780/index.html

Migration reports from Belgium: Belgian Migrating Lepidoptera Survey / Belgisch Trekvlinderonderzoek
http://users.skynet.be/bs663526/

Migration reports from Sweden, 1995-1999
http://www.fcom.se/butter.htm

Migration reports from Finland
http://www.dlc.fi/~peterpa/lepi/perhonen.htm


On single groups, genera, species  up to the headline

Celastrina argiolus; distribution and ecology in Denmark. By Klaus Hermansen [Danish with English summary]
http://www.fcom.se/butter.htm

Vanessa species, mainly V. atalanta and V. cardui: migration and ecological aspects in the USA. By Royce Bitzer
http://www.public.iastate.edu/~mariposa/homepage.html

Parnassius of the world. By Göran Waldeck
http://www.geocities.com/tgorw_sm/paindex.htm


Pictorials and observation data  up to the headline
Images (usually photographs) of live butterflies, moths and larvae

Butterflies and Macro-moths of Europe. By P. Mazzei and D. Reggianti. A large collection of good to excellent photographs, mainly from Italy. Many larvae. Recommended.
http://digilander.iol.it/leps/

Butterfly photographs by Mario Maier and some other photographers, most images of high quality, mainly central and south European species. Recommended.
http://www.geocities.com/Paris/Cafe/1508/
http://www.geocities.com/europeanbutterflies/

An impressive number of photographs (some very good) of "Macro-" and "Micro-"moths of the UK.
http://www.ukmoths.force9.co.uk/

Some Asian Lycaenidae in high-quality photographs. By W. Eckweiler
http://www.lycaena.de/foto-index.html

Butterflies of Britain and Europe. Includes checklists for all european countries and much additional information. By S. Coombes
http://www.butterfly-guide.co.uk/

Ornithoptera and Troides, includes good images of the Ornithoptera species and many subspecies. By T. Nagypal
http://www.nagypal.net/

Some butterflies and moths of Central Europe, very good photographs, includes general Lepidoptera information, migration reports, breeding hints, the author’s lepidopterological diary and various observations. By W. Schoen [German / English]
http://www.schmetterling-raupe.de/

Some butterflies and moths of Central Europe, very good photographs, some general Lepidoptera information. By Jeroen Voogd
http://www.butterflies-moths.com/Default.htm

Butterfly images, mostly by Benelux photographers
http://cal044202.student.utwente.nl/~johan/butterfl/gallery/gallery.html

Some excellent photos (and paintings!) of Finnish moths and butterflies (larvae and adults) by Pertti Pakkanen
http://www.dlc.fi/~peterpa/lepi/perhonen.htm

Butterflies of Turkey and North America. By Ahmet Baytas
http://www.montclair.edu/Pages/Business/Econ-Finance/Faculty/abaytas/butterflies.html

Colour atlas of Siberian Lepidoptera. By Eduard Berlov
http://www.geocities.com/siberianlepidoptera/

Some low-quality images of butterflies from Austria and Germany
http://www.bfz.de/~prenzel/pict/index.htm

Photos and observation data of butterflies and moths from southern Badenia (mainly around Freiburg/Breisgau) [German]
http://nafoku.de/butfly/butfly.htm

North American Lycaena-species
http://naba.org/images/lycaenidae/lycaenidae.html

North American butterflies, moths, other insects, spiders, plants, landscapes. By Troy Bartlett
http://troyb.com/photo/index.htm

Picture gallery of neotropical butterflies at www.neotropicalbutterflies.com.


Entomological Societies and Organizations  up to the headline
(including Zoological and Natural History Societies)

Entomologischer Verein Apollo e.V. (Frankfurt/Main, Germany) / Entomological Society Apollo [English / German]
http://www.apollo-frankfurt.de/

Arbeitsgemeinschaft der hessischen Lepidopterologen [German with summary in English]
http://www.arge-helep.de/index.html

The Lepidopterist’s Society
http://www.furman.edu/~snyder/snyder/lep/

Association Roussillonaise d’Entomologie. Includes images of some Lepidoptera families or subfamilies of the Roussillon [French]    http://perso.wanadoo.fr/rare/

Association for Tropical Lepidoptera
http://www.troplep.org/

Lepidopterologisk Forening / Lepidopterological Society of Denmark
http://www.lepidoptera.dk/

Sveriges Entomologiska Förening (SEF) / Entomological Society of Sweden [English / Swedish]
http://www.sef.nu/english.htm#ET

Norsk Entomologisk Forening [Norwegian]
http://www.entomologi.no./

Israeli Lepidopterist’s Society
http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/1153/

Alexanor, Company for Scientific Implementation (threatened butterflies in Ukraine and Moldavia)
http://www.tcom.uzhgorod.ua/~alexanor/trbut00.htm

The Amateur Entomologists‘ Society
http://www.amentsoc.org

Connecticut Entomological Society
http://www.peabody.yale.edu/other/ces/

Lepidopterological / Entomological societies, sorted by country (incomplete, mainly USA)
http://butterflywebsite.com/Resource/MakeList.cfm?List=SOC&Ordering=C


Museums, Institutions and Projects  up to the headline

Deutsches Entomologisches Institut Eberswalde (German Entomological Institute Eberswalde) with information on the institute’s history, the library, the scientific staff, the publications, the collections and the type material [English / German]
http://www.zalf.de/deid/index.htm (German) and http://www.zalf.de/deie/index.htm (English)
Entomologists of the World (Biographies, current location of collection): http://www.zalf.de/deid/biograph.phtml

Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Sektion Lepidoptera. [German]
http://www.zsm.mwn.de/wiss_start.htm

Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig Bonn (Zoological Research Institute and Museum Alexander Koenig Bonn)
http://www.uni-bonn.de/museumkoenig/start.htm

The Natural History Museum London (formerly the British Museum of Natural History)
http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/

Siberian Zoological Museum, Novosibirsk
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Cyprus/4397/szmn/index.htm

Museo del Instituto de Zoología Agrícola "Francisco Fernández Yépez", Caracas
http://www.miza-fpolar.info.ve/ing/ingles_index.html

 


Insect Collections: Lists of Type Material, Regional Collections  up to the headline

The collections of the Deutsches Entomologisches Institut Eberswalde (German Entomological Institute Eberswalde). General information, number of types, authors who described material from the collection [English / German]
http://www.zalf.de/deid/index.htm (German) and http://www.zalf.de/deie/index.htm (English)
Entomologists of the World (Biographies, current location of collection): http://www.zalf.de/deid/biograph.phtml

Landessammlung Schmetterlinge Hessens (State Collection Lepidoptera of Hesse). General information, incorporated families, donations [German]
http://www.arge-helep.de/HessColl/HessFaun.htm

Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Sektion Lepidoptera. General information, important collections, list of species (in preparation), list of types (in preparation, some families finished) [German]
http://www.zsm.mwn.de/wiss_start.htm

Siberian Zoological Museum, Novosibirsk. General information, list of species and regions
http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Cyprus/4397/szmn/sc.htm

United States National Museum Washington. Holdings and types of Papilionidae and Nymphalidae: Ithomiinae
gopher://nmnhgoph.si.edu/11/.entomology/.coll/.butterfly

University of Michigan. List of Lepidoptera species in the collection (so far completed for a few families only)
http://insects.ummz.lsa.umich.edu/Species_Lists/LEPS.html

R. B. Dominick collection, University of South Carolina, Columbia. General information, list of species
http://zebra.biol.sc.edu/moth.html

Oregon State Arthropod Collection.
http://www.ent.orst.edu/osac/

Ohio State Insect Collection. List of primary types
http://iris.biosci.ohio-state.edu/

New Zealand Arthropod Collections. General information, list of primary type specimens (1.800 Lepidoptera taxa) with images of specimens, label data etc.
http://www.marc.landcare.cri.nz/science/nzac/
http://www.marc.landcare.cri.nz/science/nzac/lepi_intro.html


Entomological Journals  up to the headline

Beiträge zur Entomologie / Contributions to Entomology, with list of contents from 1993 onwards [English / German]
http://www.dei-eberswalde.de/

Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Entomology Series, with list of contents from 1994 onwards
http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/bulletin.html

Entomologisk Tidskrift, with list of contents from 1998 onwards [English / Swedish]
http://www.sef.nu/english.htm#ET

"Estonian Insect News". Includes checklist of Estonian Macrolepidoptera (by J. Viidalepp). Supposed to contain individual observations from 1995 onward (links didn’t work when I tried them)
http://www.zbi.ee/~tiit/uudised/frames1.html

Holarctic Lepidoptera
http://www.troplep.org/hl.htm

Insekt-Nytt, with list of contents and complete articles online from vol. 21 (1996) onwards (and some earlier numbers)
http://www.entomologi.no./Insekt-Nytt/Insekt-Nytt.htm

Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, with list of contents and abstracts of vol. 34 (1997)
http://baja.sscnet.ucla.edu/~longcore/jrl.html

Journal of the Lepidopterist’s Society, with list of contents from 1995 onwards
http://www.furman.edu/~snyder/snyder/lep/jou-old.htm (back volumes)
http://www.furman.edu/~snyder/snyder/lep/jou-new.htm (current year)

Lepidoptera, with list of contents from 1996 onwards and several articles online (including colour plates)
http://home2.inet.tele.dk/fdki/

The Lepidoptera Journal (treats Saturniidae, Sphingidae, Papilionoidea, rearing, dealers, and similar subjects)
http://www3.sympatico.ca/lepsjournal/

Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo, with list of contents of all volumes and indices of described taxa [English / German]
http://www.apollo-frankfurt.de/GV-00Ein.htm

News of the Lepidopterist’s Society, with list of contents from 1997 onwards (a few papers downloadable as PDF-files)
http://www.esb.utexas.edu/philjs/News/news.html

Occasional Papers on Systematic Entomology, with list of contents
http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/occpap.html

Priamus, with list of contents from vol. 1 (1981) onwards
http://www.members.tripod.com/~Cesa_1988/Priamus.htm#Year1994

Quadrifina. Bulletin of research on the Lepidoptera, with list of contents from vol. 1 (1998) onwards
http://www.nhm-wien.ac.at/NHM/2Zoo/lepidoptera/quadrifina.html

Tropical Lepidoptera
http://www.troplep.org/tl.htm

The Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey, with list of contents from vol. 1 (1998) onwards
http://www.tils-ttr.org/

Bulletin of the Amateur Entomologists‘ Society, with brief lists contents from vol. 47 (1988) onwards
http://www.theaes.org/backissue.htm

American Butterflies, with list of contents from vol. 5, no. 3 (1997) onwards (full text and pictures of vol. 5(3) to 6(2)). No scientific names used.
http://naba.org/pubs/abm.html


Entomological Libraries  up to the headline

Library of the Deutsches Entomologisches Institut Eberswalde (German Entomological Institute Eberswalde), general information [English / German]
http://www.dei-eberswalde.de/

Library of the Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig Bonn (Zoological Research Institute and Museum Alexander Koenig Bonn), general information and list of selected titles [English / German]
http://www.uni-bonn.de/museumkoenig/for/dnavfor.htm


Lists of Internet Links on Lepidoptera  up to the headline

Lepidoptera Link Lists
http://www.furman.edu/~snyder/snyder/lep/lepidop.htm

Electronic resources on Lepidoptera. A large collection of internet links.
http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Environment/NHR/lep_images.html

Lepidoptera links sorted by topic
http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Environment/NHR/topical.html

Entomology Index of Internet Resources
http://www.ent.iastate.edu/List/

   

WB00848_.GIF (322 Byte)

up to the headline

Latest update 2008-01-28

Development of these websites was supported by the
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research
(BMBF) and the
State Museum of Natural History (SMNS), Stuttgart, Germany.

© Joachim Holstein, Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart, Germany